In an effort to reduce costs and bring about real-time oil assessment in the field while reducing maintenance costs, the Department of Defense seeks to further develop existing commercial technologies. The project is intended to lead to the production of commercialized hand-held and/or portable oil assessment units that will work with minimal volumes of oil and give a pass/fail rating to the oil. Such units will reduce the need for centralized laboratory facilities and promote a condition-based maintenance paradigm. Through on-demand, real-time oil assessment, it is possible to change oil on condition rather than fixed-time or fixed-distance intervals. The presentation reviews the selection process of offerors and the basis for the project.